Simply put, rammed earth is an ancient technique for constructing foundations, floors and walls using raw materials such as earth, chalk, lime or gravel. It has been used to create buildings around the world whose beauty and robustness are still visible today, like the Alhambra in Spain and the Great Wall of China, both built more than 1000 years ago.
Working as an architect in Australia and abroad, my approach to the design of towers has evolved.
Once upon a time, the Oxford English Dictionary defined an icon as ‘Image, statue, painting, mosaic etc of a sacred personage’. In respected contemporary literature today, although this definition is often expanded, the quintessential meaning remains unchanged.
Technological challenges and opportunities behind the design of the Parramatta Powerhouse and the Sydney Modern Project